SB 169 (2013)
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Information 
Act No. 231

Public Acts of 2013

Approved by the Governor
December 20, 2013

Filed with the Secretary of State
December 26, 2013

EFFECTIVE DATE: March 27, 2014

STATE OF MICHIGAN

97TH LEGISLATURE

REGULAR SESSION OF 2013

Introduced by Senators Kowall, Casperson, Brandenburg, Hansen, Moolenaar, Emmons, Warren, Bieda,
Meekhof, Walker, Richardville, Hood and Young

ENROLLED SENATE BILL No. 169

AN ACT to amend 1949 PA 300, entitled “An act to provide for the registration, titling, sale, transfer, and regulation
of certain vehicles operated upon the public highways of this state or any other place open to the general public or
generally accessible to motor vehicles and distressed vehicles; to provide for the licensing of dealers; to provide for the
examination, licensing, and control of operators and chauffeurs; to provide for the giving of proof of financial responsibility
and security by owners and operators of vehicles; to provide for the imposition, levy, and collection of specific taxes on
vehicles, and the levy and collection of sales and use taxes, license fees, and permit fees; to provide for the regulation
and use of streets and highways; to create certain funds; to provide penalties and sanctions for a violation of this act; to
provide for civil liability of owners and operators of vehicles and service of process on residents and nonresidents; to
regulate the introduction and use of certain evidence; to provide for the levy of certain assessments; to provide for the
enforcement of this act; to provide for the creation of and to prescribe the powers and duties of certain state and local
agencies; to impose liability upon the state or local agencies; to provide appropriations for certain purposes; to repeal
all other acts or parts of acts inconsistent with this act or contrary to this act; and to repeal certain parts of this act on
a specific date,” by amending the title, a division heading, and sections 35a, 36, 244, and 602b (MCL 257.35a, 257.36,
257.244, and 257.602b), the title as amended by 2010 PA 10, section 35a as amended by 1980 PA 515, section 244 as
amended by 2008 PA 539, and section 602b as amended by 2013 PA 36, and by adding sections 2b, 663, 665, 666, and 817.

The People of the State of Michigan enact:

TITLE

An act to provide for the registration, titling, sale, transfer, and regulation of certain vehicles operated upon the
public highways of this state or any other place open to the general public or generally accessible to motor vehicles and
distressed vehicles; to provide for the licensing of dealers; to provide for the examination, licensing, and control of
operators and chauffeurs; to provide for the giving of proof of financial responsibility and security by owners and
operators of vehicles; to provide for the imposition, levy, and collection of specific taxes on vehicles, and the levy and
collection of sales and use taxes, license fees, and permit fees; to provide for the regulation and use of streets and
highways; to create certain funds; to provide penalties and sanctions for a violation of this act; to provide for civil
liability of manufacturers, the manufacturers of automated technology, upfitters, owners, and operators of vehicles and
service of process on residents and nonresidents; to regulate the introduction and use of certain evidence; to provide for
the levy of certain assessments; to provide for the enforcement of this act; to provide for the creation of and to prescribe
the powers and duties of certain state and local agencies; to impose liability upon the state or local agencies; to provide
appropriations for certain purposes; to repeal all other acts or parts of acts inconsistent with this act or contrary to this
act; and to repeal certain parts of this act on a specific date.

Sec. 2b. (1) “Automated motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle on which automated technology has been installed,
either by a manufacturer of automated technology or an upfitter that enables the motor vehicle to be operated without
any control or monitoring by a human operator. Automated motor vehicle does not include a motor vehicle enabled with
1 or more active safety systems or operator assistance systems, including, but not limited to, a system to provide
electronic blind spot assistance, crash avoidance, emergency braking, parking assistance, adaptive cruise control,
lane‑keeping assistance, lane departure warning, or traffic jam and queuing assistance, unless 1 or more of these
technologies alone or in combination with other systems enable the vehicle on which the technology is installed to
operate without any control or monitoring by an operator.

(2) “Automated technology” means technology installed on a motor vehicle that has the capability to assist, make
decisions for, or replace an operator.

(3) “Automatic mode” means the mode of operating an automated motor vehicle when automated technology is
engaged to enable the motor vehicle to operate without any control or monitoring by an operator.

(4) “Manufacturer of automated technology” means a manufacturer or subcomponent system producer recognized
by the secretary of state that develops or produces automated technology or automated vehicles.

(5) “Upfitter” means a person that modifies a motor vehicle after it was manufactured by installing automated
technology in that motor vehicle to convert it to an automated vehicle. Upfitter includes a subcomponent system
producer recognized by the secretary of state that develops or produces automated technology.

Sec. 35a. “Operate” or “operating” means 1 or more of the following:

(a) Being in actual physical control of a vehicle. This subdivision applies regardless of whether or not the person is
licensed under this act as an operator or chauffeur.

(b) Causing an automated motor vehicle to move under its own power in automatic mode upon a highway or street
regardless of whether the person is physically present in that automated motor vehicle at that time. This subdivision
applies regardless of whether the person is licensed under this act as an operator or chauffeur. As used in this subdivision,
“causing an automated motor vehicle to move under its own power in automatic mode” includes engaging the automated
technology of that automated motor vehicle for that purpose.

Sec. 36. “Operator” means a person, other than a chauffeur, who does either of the following:

(a) Operates a motor vehicle upon a highway or street.

(b) Operates an automated motor vehicle upon a highway or street.

Sec. 244. (1) A manufacturer owning a vehicle of a type otherwise required to be registered under this act may
operate or move the vehicle upon a street or highway primarily for the purposes of transporting or testing or in
connection with a golf tournament or a public civic event, if the vehicle displays, in the manner prescribed in section 225,
1 special plate approved by the secretary of state.

(2) A producer of a vehicle subcomponent system essential to the operation of the vehicle or the safety of an
occupant may operate or move a motor vehicle upon a street or highway solely to transport or test the subcomponent
system if the motor vehicle displays, in the manner prescribed in section 225, 1 special plate approved by the secretary
of state. To be eligible for the special plate, the subcomponent system producer must be either a recognized subcomponent
system producer or must be a subcomponent system producer under contract with a vehicle manufacturer.

(3) Subject to section 665, a manufacturer of automated technology may operate or otherwise move a motor vehicle
or an automated motor vehicle upon a street or highway solely to transport or test automated technology if the motor
vehicle or automated motor vehicle displays, in the manner prescribed in section 225, a special plate approved by the
secretary of state.

(4) A dealer owning a vehicle of a type otherwise required to be registered under this act may operate or move the
vehicle upon a street or highway without registering the vehicle if the vehicle displays, in the manner prescribed in
section 225, 1 special plate issued to the owner by the secretary of state. As used in this subsection, “dealer” includes
an employee, servant, or agent of the dealer.

(5) Solely to deliver the vehicle, a transporter may operate or move a vehicle of a type otherwise required to be
registered under this act upon a street or highway if the vehicle displays, in the manner prescribed in section 225, a
special plate issued to the transporter under this chapter.

(6) A licensee shall not use a special plate described in this section on service cars or wreckers operated as an
adjunct of a licensee’s business. A manufacturer, transporter, or dealer making or permitting any unauthorized use of a
special plate under this chapter forfeits the right to use special plates and the secretary of state, after notice and a
hearing, may suspend or cancel the right to use special plates and require that the special plates be surrendered to or
repossessed by the state.

(7) A transporter shall furnish a sufficient surety bond or policy of insurance as protection for public liability and
property damage as may be required by the secretary of state.

(8) The secretary of state shall determine the number of plates a manufacturer, dealer, or transporter reasonably
needs in his or her business.

(9) If a vehicle that is required to be registered under this act is leased or sold, the vendee or lessee is permitted to
operate the vehicle upon a street or highway for not more than 72 hours after taking possession if the vehicle has a
dealer plate attached as provided in this section. The application for registration shall be made in the name of the
vendee or lessee before the vehicle is used. The dealer and the vendee or lessee are jointly responsible for the return
of the dealer plate to the dealer within 72 hours, and the failure of the vendee or lessee to return or the vendor or lessor
to use due diligence to procure the dealer plate is a misdemeanor, and in addition the license of the dealer may be
revoked. While using a dealer’s plate, a vendee or lessee shall have in his or her possession proof that clearly indicates
the date of sale or lease of the motor vehicle.

(10) A vehicle owned by a dealer and bearing the dealer’s plate may be driven upon a street or highway for
demonstration purposes by a prospective buyer or lessee for a period of 72 hours.

(11) The secretary of state may issue a registration plate upon application and payment of the proper fee to an
individual, partnership, corporation, or association that in the ordinary course of business has occasion to legally pick
up or deliver a commercial motor vehicle being driven to a facility to undergo aftermarket modification, or to repair or
service a vehicle, or to persons defined as watercraft dealers under part 801 of the natural resources and environmental
protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.80101 to 324.80199, or to the owner of a marina for the purpose of delivering a
vessel or trailer to a purchaser, to transport a vessel between a body of water and a place of storage, to transport a
vessel or trailer to and from a boat show or exposition, to repair, service, or store a vessel or trailer, or to return a vessel
or trailer to the customer after repair, service, or storage. A registration plate issued under this subsection shall be used
to move the vehicle or trailer.

Sec. 602b. (1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, a person shall not read, manually type, or send a text
message on a wireless 2-way communication device that is located in the person’s hand or in the person’s lap, including
a wireless telephone used in cellular telephone service or personal communication service, while operating a motor
vehicle that is moving on a highway or street in this state. As used in this subsection, a wireless 2-way communication
device does not include a global positioning or navigation system that is affixed to the motor vehicle. Beginning
October 28, 2013, this subsection does not apply to a person operating a commercial vehicle.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in this section, a person shall not read, manually type, or send a text message on
a wireless 2-way communication device that is located in the person’s hand or in the person’s lap, including a wireless
telephone used in cellular telephone service or personal communication service, while operating a commercial motor
vehicle or a school bus on a highway or street in this state. As used in this subsection, a wireless 2-way communication
device does not include a global positioning or navigation system that is affixed to the commercial motor vehicle or
school bus. This subsection applies beginning October 28, 2013.

(3) Except as otherwise provided in this section, a person shall not use a hand-held mobile telephone to conduct a
voice communication while operating a commercial motor vehicle or a school bus on a highway, including while
temporarily stationary due to traffic, a traffic control device, or other momentary delays. This subsection does not apply
if the operator of the commercial vehicle or school bus has moved the vehicle to the side of, or off, a highway and has
stopped in a location where the vehicle can safely remain stationary. As used in this subsection, “mobile telephone” does
not include a 2-way radio service or citizens band radio service. This subsection applies beginning October 28, 2013. As
used in this subsection, “use a hand-held mobile telephone” means 1 or more of the following:

(a) Using at least 1 hand to hold a mobile telephone to conduct a voice communication.

(b) Dialing or answering a mobile telephone by pressing more than a single button.

© Reaching for a mobile telephone in a manner that requires a driver to maneuver so that he or she is no longer in
a seated driving position, restrained by a seat belt that is installed as required by 49 CFR 393.93 and adjusted in
accordance with the vehicle manufacturer’s instructions.

(4) Subsections (1), (2), and (3) do not apply to an individual who is using a device described in subsection (1) or (3)
to do any of the following:

(a) Report a traffic accident, medical emergency, or serious road hazard.

(b) Report a situation in which the person believes his or her personal safety is in jeopardy.

© Report or avert the perpetration or potential perpetration of a criminal act against the individual or another
person.

(d) Carry out official duties as a police officer, law enforcement official, member of a paid or volunteer fire department,
or operator of an emergency vehicle.

(e) Operate or program the operation of an automated motor vehicle while testing the automated motor vehicle in
compliance with section 665, if that automated motor vehicle displays a special plate issued under section 224(3) in the
manner required under section 225.

(5) An individual who violates this section is responsible for a civil infraction and shall be ordered to pay a civil fine
as follows:

(a) For a first violation, $100.00.

(b) For a second or subsequent violation, $200.00.

(6) This section supersedes all local ordinances regulating the use of a communications device while operating a
motor vehicle in motion on a highway or street, except that a unit of local government may adopt an ordinance or
enforce an existing ordinance substantially corresponding to this section.


AUTOMATED VEHICLES


Sec. 663. Except as otherwise provided in section 665, a person shall not operate an automated motor vehicle upon
a highway or street in automatic mode.

Sec. 665. (1) Before beginning research or testing of an automated motor vehicle or any automated technology
installed in a motor vehicle under this section, the manufacturer of automated technology performing that research or
testing shall submit proof satisfactory to the secretary of state that the vehicle is insured under chapter 31 of the
insurance code of 1956, 1956 PA 218, MCL 500.3101 to 500.3179.

(2) A manufacturer of automated technology shall ensure that all of the following circumstances exist when
researching or testing the operation of an automated motor vehicle or any automated technology installed in a motor
vehicle upon a highway or street:

(a) The vehicle is operated only by an employee, contractor, or other person designated or otherwise authorized by
that manufacturer of automated technology.

(b) An individual is present in the vehicle while it is being operated on a highway or street of this state and that
individual has the ability to monitor the vehicle’s performance and, if necessary, immediately take control of the vehicle’s
movements.

© The individual operating the vehicle under subdivision (a) and the individual who is present in the vehicle for
purposes of subdivision (b) are licensed to operate a motor vehicle in the United States.

(3) No later than February 1, 2016, the state transportation department in consultation with the secretary of state
and experts from various sizes of automobile manufacturing and automated technology manufacturing industries shall
submit a report to the senate standing committees on transportation and economic development and to the house of
representatives standing committees on transportation and commerce recommending any additional legislative or
regulatory action that may be necessary for the continued safe testing of automated motor vehicles and automated
technology installed in motor vehicles.

Sec. 666. (1) A person who violates this division is responsible for a civil infraction and may be fined as provided in
section 907.

(2) This division does not prohibit a person from being charged with, convicted of or being found responsible for,
ordered to pay a fine or costs, or punished for any other violation of law arising out of the same transaction as the
violation of this division.

Sec. 817. A manufacturer of automated technology is immune from civil liability for damages that arise out of any
modification made by another person to a motor vehicle or an automated motor vehicle, or to any automated technology,
as provided in section 2949b of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.2949b.

Enacting section 1. This amendatory act takes effect 90 days after the date it is enacted into law.

Enacting section 2. This amendatory act does not take effect unless Senate Bill No. 663 of the 97th Legislature is
enacted into law.

This act is ordered to take immediate effect.

Secretary of the Senate

Clerk of the House of Representatives
Approved

Governor
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